The combination of active ingredients is stabilized by a special process and thus optimally reaches the fish in the treated water. Octocil effectively removes intestinal flagellates and flagellates in the blood from your fish through the systemic action of the drug. Cichlids, especially discus fish and angelfish, can be massively attacked in the intestines by flagellates such as Cryptobia, Hexamita, Spironucleus and Trichomonas. Intestinal flagellates are parasites and remove nutrients from the intestines of the host animal (fish) and consequently lead to inflammatory processes and changes in the fish intestine.
Octocil successfully kills these unicellular parasites in fish during treatment and also reaches the encapsulated stages of the pathogens on the bottom of the aquarium. In the course of the treatment, the fish begin to eat the food again.
Octocil should be used preventively in a quarantine aquarium on newly acquired fish. When breeding discus fish and angelfish, Octocil can be used to treat juvenile fish to achieve flagellate-free fish stocks.
The preparation is characterized by rapid therapeutic success and good tolerability. Octocil is usually given once. Octocil has a long shelf life (5 years) even after the packaging has been opened. After the successful treatment with Octocil, Diploral should be added to the aquarium water of the previously treated fish over a period of a few weeks to ensure that the missing minerals in the fish’s organism are quickly compensated for.
Typical symptoms of illness to be observed by fish farmers are refusal to eat and white, slimy excrement. Discus fish, in particular, turn dark and become very frightened. If left untreated, the animals die over a period of several days to weeks. Over the course of several weeks, the fish lose weight and crater-shaped holes form in the head region of cichlids such as discus fish and Malawi cichlids. In the beginning, small white dots appear and in the advanced stage, the impression of a white, emerging substance appears. Changes in the dorsal and caudal fins (holes and tongues) also indicate a flagellate infestation. Along with this destruction of tissue (necrosis), bacterial inflammation forms in the affected areas and the holes become larger wounds and appear crater-shaped. The formation of holes is caused, among other things, by the breakdown of the body’s own tissue, as the fish’s organism tries to use deficiencies in certain nutrients that are needed for bone and cartilage formation elsewhere in the body. A preventive measure against diseases caused by a mass increase in flagellates in the intestines of ornamental fish is a diet of the animals that are as varied as possible, rich in fibre and adapted to the needs of the respective fish species.
To further support the healing process and to compensate for the disturbed mineral balance of the animals, Diploral should be added to the keeping water after the treatment with Octocil has been completed. For a reliable diagnosis of a mass infestation of intestinal flagellates, a microscopic examination can be used to detect the unicellular parasites.